A Policy Statement by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council, based on nearly 50 years of experience in dealing with the impacts of major developments.
December 22, 2011
Analysis of Impacts of Expanded Gambling on Local Aid and Economic Development
2011 Gambling Bill
Citizens for a Stronger Massachusetts issue an economic impact analysis based on 2011 gambling bill. October 11, 2011.
After months of closed door negotiations, legislative leaders made public their most recent gaming bill that would allow three resort casinos and one slots parlor to be built in the state, all competitively bid.
'Situation Critical: The Urgent Need for Independent Analysis, Regulation, and Oversight Before Massachusetts Legalizes Casinos'
August 23, 2011
Former Attorney General Scott Harshbarger and Citizens for a Stronger Massachusetts issue a 19 page report calling into question whether proper regulatory, law enforcement and consumer protections are being considered by proponents of legalizing gambling and casinos, and lays out regulatory essentials before any casino action. Citizens For A Stronger Massachusetts, is a non-profit organization founded by Scott Harshbarger, former Attorney General of Massachusetts and national President of Common Cause, to educate the citizens of Massachusetts on issues of public policy in a sufficiently full and fair way so that they can form their own independent opinions or conclusions.
Letter from Western Mass Casino Task Force
June 6, 2011
Letter from the 14-town Westen Mass Casino Task Force to Senate President Murry urging support of bill (see below) to perform an independent analysis of expanded gambling in the Commonwealth
Bill S00150 relative to an independent analysis of expanding gaming in the Commonwealth
March 14, 2011
By Mr. Brewer, petition (accompanied by bill, Senate, No. 150) of Finegold, Sciortino, Scaccia and other members of the General Court for legislation relative to an independent analysis of expanding gaming in the Commonwealth [Joint Committee on Economic Development and Emerging Technologies].
Governor Patrick's Amendment to the Legislature's Expanded Gambling Bill
January 24, 2011
Governor returns House Bill No. 5000, "An Act Establishing Expanded Gaming in the Commonwealth" for amendment.
Letter Raising Regulatory Concerns with Gambling Legislation from Former Attorney General Scott Harshbarger
August 2, 2010
Former Attorney General urges Mass. legislature to prepare for the identifiable and quantifiable consequences of proposed gambling legislation, and offers seven principles for developing a reasonable, evidence-based template for evaluating the merits of any gambling proposal. Addressed to Senate President Therese Murray, Governor Deval Patrick, Speaker Robert DeLeo and all members of the Senate
Massachusetts Statewide Gaming Report
June 21, 2010
Benefit Analysis requisitioned by
the Massachusetts Senate, and Prepared by Innovation Group
Aquinnah Wampanoag Casino Press Release
Aquinnah Wampanoag Tribe urges Senate to grant them a casino in Fall River
Senate Draft Expanded Gambling Proposal
June 8, 2010
Details of the Senate's bill to expand gambling in the Commonwealth revealed just 4 days before a hastily arranged public hearing on June 8.
Full House Bill
House Bill Summary
June 4, 2010
Details of Speaker DeLeo's bill to expand gambling in the Commonwealth without the benefit of public hearings
Spectrum Gaming Market Analysis, Gross Gaming Revenue Projections
April 1, 2010
An update to its 2008
Massachusetts gross gaming revenue estimates.
MetroWest Letter to Legislators
March 31, 2010
Issues and Impacts identified by a working group formed by the MetroWest Growth Management Committee, the 495/MetroWest Partnership, and the South West Advisory Planning Committee.
Casino Math Workbook for Beacon Hill
February 18, 2010
Prepared and presented by USS-Mass.org for legislators and the public at the Massachusetts State House
Governor Patrick's Letter to Senate President and Speaker of the House
February 25, 2010
Letter from Governor Patrick commending the USS-Mass proposal for a "fresh, independent and transparent analyis of the costs and benefits of expanded gambling."
2009 Testimony presented to Economic Development and Emerging Technologies
December 9, 2009
Massachusetts State House
Western Mass. Casino Task Force List of Concerns and Issues
October 29, 2009
A list of high priority concerns and issues developed by the 15-town Western Massachusetts Casino Task Force
Supreme Court Ruling in Carcieri v. Salazar
August 4, 2009
Argued November 3, 2008
Gambling with Nature:
The environmental effects of mega-casinos
Decided February 24, 2009
Audubon Society Sanctuary Magazine
Projecting and Preparing for Potential Impact of Expanded Gaming on Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Spectrum Gaming Final Report for the Commonweath of Massachusetts
Preliminary Cost / Benefit Analysis
of Three Destination Resort Casinos in Massachusetts
Agust 1, 2008
Prepared by State Representative Thomas P. Conroy
2008 Testimony presented to Economic Development and Emerging Technologies
Comments In Response to the Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Trust Acquisition of an Initial Reservation in Middleboro Mass
Member, Joint Committee on Economic Development and Emerging Technologies
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Prepared by the town of Plympton, a small and rural community less then 5 miles from the proposed
site, regarding issues to be addressed in the initial EIS process.
Comments on the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe's Land-in-Trust Application to the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs
March 31, 2008
The Commonwealth's concerns for the
environment, transportation, labor and employment, public safety, public health, and consumer protection.
Testimony of Carole Pelchat - MA League of Women Voters Vice President of Program & Action presented to the Bonding, State Assets and Capital Expenditures Committee
February 5, 2008
December 27, 2007
An Analysis of Property Tax Credits and Transportation Funding Under the Governor's Casino Proposal
Massachusetts Taxpayers Association
Casino Gambling in Worcester: The Case For and Against
Worcester Regional Research Bureau Report
Statement of Concern by the 17-Town Southeast Mass Regional Task Force on Casino Impacts
October 18, 2007
Statement of Specific Concerns of the abutting and surrounding communities of Middleboro Mass regarding the proposed Mashpee Wampanoag Casino
By and Between the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe and the Town of Middleborough, Massachusetts
August 8, 2007
June 28, 2007
Rolling the Dice: The Economic Reality of Expanded Gambling in the Commonwealth
James C. Kennedy
General Counsel and Research Director,
House Committee on Economic Development
March 21, 2006
Books and Publications
UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL GAMBLING REPORT SERIES
Three Volume Set: Titles in the series contain reprints of many important government documents and academic source materials relevant to gambling issues, divided topically. These books preserve documents in danger of being lost, particularly in their historical context; therefore, each document is preceded by a historical commentary. The reprinted documents are primarily substantive reference materials, especially those contributing to determinations of congressional intent as well as the motivations of federal/state decision makers. The front matter contains a preface, introduction, note on censorship by big gambling, and erudite executive summaries of both U.S. and American Indian gambling which list strategic determinations, problems, goals, background, trends and conditioning factors, and recommendations.
William S. Hein & Co. 2002 - 2009
Appearing in Newspapers, Magazines or Online
New Hampshire Gaming Study Commission
Web site of the NH Gaming Study Commission, appointed by the Governor, to review, research, analyze and develop findings on the impact of gaming in New Hampshire today as well as the foreseeable future, and report their findings to the Governor on or before June 1, 2010
States Face Drop in Gambling Revenues
by Ian Urbina
Glitzy video slots seen as particular addiction risk
New York Times
Sep 9, 2009
by Carey Goldberg
Meet Your New Neighbor:
How slot machines are secretly designed to seduce and destroy you, and how the government is in on it.
The Boston Globe
March 7, 2009
By Isaiah Thompson
Beware: 'Machine Zone' Ahead
Philadelphia City Paper
January 7, 2009
by Natasha Dow Schüll
Rural Casinos Leave a Huge Carbon Footprint
July 6, 2008
by George Bachrach,president of the Environmental League of Massachusetts
The Big Blind: Why the argument for casinos in Massachusetts ain't nothing but a mathquerade
and Philip Warburg, president of the Conservation Law Foundation
February 11, 2008
By Julia Reischel & Paul McMorrow
Betting the Farm
The Weekly Dig
by Sean Murphy
Your brain on gambling: Science shows how slot machines take over your mind
By Jonah Lehrer
The Boston Globe
August 19, 2007
Non-Massachusetts specific documents with Summaries:
National Gambling Impact Study Commission Final Report
Gambling in the United States, Lotteries, Convenince Gambling and Stand-Alone Electronic Gambling Devices, Gambling Regulation, Problem and Pathological Gambling, Internet Gambling, Native American Tribal Gambling, Gambling's Impacts on People and Places.
Gambling Impact Study Commission, 1999.
New Hampshire Gaming Study Commission Final Report of Findings
A review of various models for expanded gaming and their potential to generate state revenues, as well as an assessment of the social, economic and public safety impacts of gaming options on the quality of life in New Hampshire. May 18, 2010
Gambling: Australian Government Productivity Commission Draft Report
Productivity Commission 2009, Gambling, Draft Report, Canberra, October.
For the First Time, a Smaller Jackpot - Trends in State Revenues from Gambling
Rockefeller Institute of Government
GAMBLING IN CONNECTICUT: Analyzing the Economic and Social Impacts
September 21, 2009
Spectrum Gaming Final Report for the State of Connecticut
Economic Impacts of Casino Gambling: A Review
Saavy Incorporated Prepared for The Oxford County Commissioners
The Social Costs of Gambling
details economic destabilization, crime, child abuse and domestic violence, suicide, bankruptcy, youth gambling, addiction and social injustice that result from expanded gambling.
Tom Larkin, licensed psychologist and SMART Recovery Facilitator.
Economic Impacts of Casino Gambling at the State and Local Levels
the components of an economic impact analysis of casino gambling in State and Local economies. It shows both the positive and negative impacts, but an emphasis is given to the consequences of specific market structures that create losses in local economies.
The Economic Impacts of Casino Gambling at the State and Local Levels.
Five Reasons to Vote NO on Casinos and Slots
ANNALS, APPSS. 1998, March. P. 66-84
Fred Berman, USS-Mass Director, June 18, 2010
Gambling by Underage College Students: Preferences and Pathology
Journal article exerpt by Laurie Platz, Terry J. Knapp, Edward W. Crossman; College Student Journal, Vol. 39, 2005
2007 National Compensation Levels
Places the median hourly wage for gaming service employees at $6.34 per hour with annual median earnings of $13,179.
US Dept of Labor's Division of Labor Statistics
Statement to the Metro Ethics Coalition Project
examines casinos and tourism
in Illinois. Those in favor of casino gambling often argue that casinos attract tourism and often cite Las Vegas as an
example. However, this article debunks that theory and identifies Las Vegas as an isolated case. It states that most of the attendees at local casinos in Illinois live within a 50 mile radius in which they do not seek to spend their money on anything
other than gambling.
Statement to the Metro Ethics Coalition Project
Casinos, Crime and Community Costs
J. Terrence Brunner,Executive Director.
Better Government Association. 1997 June 23.
studies the connection between casinos and crime using county-level data for every U.S. county between 1977 and 1996, a period spanning the introduction of casinos to states other than Nevada.
Casinos, Crime and Community Costs
Measuring Industry Externalities: The Curious Case of Casinos and Crime
Gringols, Earl PH.D., Mustard, David B., Dilley, Cynthia H. 2000 June.
The connection between casinos, an industry that did not exist outside Nevada prior to 1978, and crime using county-level data for the US between 1977 and 1996, a period spanning the introduction of casinos to states other than Nevada.
Industry Externalities: The Curious Case of Casinos and Crime
Gambling Economics: Summary Facts
Gringols, Earl PH.D., Mustard, David B., 2001 March.
Summary of gambling's effect on local economies
Industry Externalities: The Curious Case of Casinos and Crime
The economics and ethics of casino gambling
Gringols, Earl PH.D., 2004 Nov.
Review of Business
Buffet calls gambling a Tax on Ignorance
Oddo, Alfonso R. 1997 March.
examines the expansion of casino
gambling in Nebraska as a negative method of counterbalancing a fiscal shortfall in the next economic
Buffet calls gambling a tax on ignorance.
Preliminary Study shows link between gambling, bankruptcies
Margery Beck, Associated Press.
is a short synopsis
of a study from the University of Iowa. The study shows that there is a steady increase of bankruptcy rates in the counties
that have a casino.
Preliminary Study shows link between gambling, bankruptcy.
Outlook: Slots of Trouble?
Las Vegas Sun. 2005 March 30.
is an interview between gambling expert Professor
William Thompson of the University of Nevada/Las Vegas and members of the
Washington community. The community members were asking diverse questions on the
possibility of the expansion of casino gambling in the District of Columbia.
Outlook: Slots of Trouble? The Washington Post.
The Impact of Casinos gambling on Individual Bankruptcy Rates
William Thompson, Professor, University of Nevada/Las Vegas.
2004 July 19.
the impact of casinos on individual bankruptcy rates from 1990 to 2002. The analysis indicates that although the
rate remained constant the first years of a casinos operation, it significantly increased after nine years.
The impact of Casino Gambling on Individual Bankruptcy Rates from 1990 to 2002.
Letter from Karen Richards, Prosecuting Attorney, 38th Judicial Circuit, State of Indiana to the Mayor of Fort Wayne
Goss, Ernie Professor of Economics. Morse, Edward Professor of Law.
Creighton University. 2005 April.
a collection of insights gathered from other state prosecutors with local experiences with gambling
Karen Richards, Prosecuting Attorney, 38th Judicial Circuit, Indiana
The Impact of Casinos on Banks
March 24, 2009
is an article that provides a comparison on the rate of return on equity. It highlights the point that after a casino opens the local banks will see a significant decrease in the return on equity.
The Impact of Casinos on Banks. Midwest Conference of the National Coalition Against Gambling Expansion.
The True Costs of Slots
Creighton University. 2000 July 7.
follows the story of the expansion of Maryland's slot
machines and social costs of gambling. Specifically citing examples of neglectful parenting and the overall deterioration of community values.
The true costs of slots.
Economics of Casinos vs. Manufacturing
The Baltimore Sun. 2005 March 8
Robert Kerr identifies that casinos tend to take money out of the economy and serves as taxation on the naïve and addicted.
Robert Kerr: Economics of
Casinos vs. Manufacturing.
Editorial: A Bad bet
The Providence Journal. 2004 June 1.
is an editorial piece that explains the aftermath of a casino on local businesses. The article is centered on Lawrenceburg, Indiana and provides examples on how the local infrastructure is trying to cope with the help of local officials and local tax dollars.
Editorial: A bad bet?
Five years after opening, Detroit casinos fulfill some expectations, but magic bullet they are not
The Indianapolis Star. 2003 August 19.
examines the pros and cons of what was promised after a casino is opened. The article identifies many key expectations and then states that certain expectations surrounding revenue streams and employment benefits remain
Five years after opening, Detroit casinos fulfill some expectations, but magic bullet they are not.
Gambling in America: Costs and Benefits
Sarah Karush. Associated Press.
identifies that states pay higher taxes in part because
they need to make up for the unmet revenue needs that were promised by casinos. The article argues that for every one dollar in gambling taxes its costs the state three.
America: Costs and Benefits.
Casino gambling and crime: A panel Study of Wisconsin Counties
Gringols, Earl PH.D. 2005
identifies the link between casino gambling and crime. Results show that the existence of a casino within the boundaries of a county led to an increase in the county's crime rates.
Casino Gambling and crime: A Panel Study of Wisconsin Counties.
The Menace of Competition and Gambling Deregulation
Gazel, Ricardo, Dan Rickman, William Thompson.
Managerial and Decision Economics, ed 22. 2001. p. 65-75.
examines information on the spread of gambling and the concerns that arise with such rapid growth. The article starts to
conclude that the spread of gambling should be halted until more research
can be presented.
The Menace of Competition and Gambling Deregulation.
Perceptions of the extent of problem gambling within new casino communities
Atkinson, Glen, Mark Nichols, Ted Oleson.
Journal of Economic Issues; 2000 Sept, vol. 34 is. 3. p. 621-634.
takes a look at the perceptions of problem gambling by residents that have recently legalized casino gambling. The article shows that at least 16% of the community residents were problem gamblers, which is a rate considerably higher compared to other studies.
Perceptions of the extent of problem gambling within new casino communities.
Would casinos help or hurt our economy?
Giacopassi, David, Mark Nichols, Grant Stitt.
Journal of Gambling Studies, vol. 16, 2000. p. 433-451.
focuses on the discussion of the positive and negative impact of casinos on a local economy. After identifying a short list of questioned
positive effects the negatives are outlined along with the long term price
tag a community will be force to pay.
Would casinos help or hurt our economy?
Assessing Self-Reported Expenditures on Gambling?
The Wichita Eagle. 17 May 2007.
examines the estimates of the proportion of gaming revenues from problem gamblers. The article examines many factors and conclusions ultimately stating that a larger percentage of the gaming revenue comes from problem gamblers.
Assessing Self- Reported Expenditures on Gambling.
Gambling: Casinos? Costs Far Outweigh Their Economic Benefits, Economist Says
Baldridge, John, Eugene Christiansen, Dean Gerstein, Rachel Volberg.
Managerial and Decision Economics, Vol. 22, i. 1/3. p. 77-96.
is an article centered on the discussion of casino gambling as an economic development tool for state and local economies. The discussion leads to the point that casino gambling will cost the community more than twice the actual incoming revenue.
Gambling: Casinos? Costs Far Outweigh Their Economic Benefits, Economist Say.
Gambling as a Community Development Quick Fix
Ascribe Newswire: Health. 28 Sept 2001. p.9-10.
examines four cases in which communities use casinos as a method of spurring local development. The study reveals that communities saw little if any positive impact in social and economic development.
Gambling as a Community Development Quick Fix.
Raw Deal: Measuring the Toll of Connecticut's Casino
Belvins, Audie, Katherine Jensen.
ANNALS, AAPSS. 1998 March.
centers around the issues Connecticut has
faced since the legalization of casino gambling. The article specifically addresses the social costs suffered by the citizens and communities when addressing the backlash of casino gambling in comparison to crime and treatment of addiction. It is identified that Connecticut spends twice the revenue from casino gambling to treat the social backlash.
Raw Deal: Measuring the toll of Connecticut Casino.
The Failure to Regulate the Gambling Industry Effectively: Incentives for Perpetual Non-Compliance
Benedict, Jeff. The Connecticut Alliance Against Casino
1 May 2005.
examines the enormous social costs in legalized gambling. The article also identifies that gambling in the United States remains incredibly difficult, if not impossible to regulate effectively.
The Failure to Regulate the Gambling Industry effectively: Incentives for Perpetual Non-Complaince
Gambling's Effects on Local Businesses
Kindt, John Warren.
Southern University Law Journal. Vol. 27. 2003
outlines the impact expanded gambling has had on local businesses on various communities across the nation.
Gambling's Effects on Local Businessess
Tide of Gambling yields backwash of addiction
CasinoFreePhiladelphia January 2007.
examines gambling as an activity which can and does become addictive for a significant number of people. It states that gambling changes the chemistry of the brain, and is one of the most difficult addictions to alleviate. In communities with casinos and other gambling available, there are far more pathological gamblers than people afflicted with cancer.
Tide of Gambling yields backwash of Addiction.
Rapid onsets of Pathological Gambling in Machine Gamblers
Bectold, Carl G.
National Coalition against Legalized Gambling. 21 August 2004.
takes a look at the length of time it
takes the average compulsive gambler to become addicted and found machines are truly the most addictive of all gambling. They are also the biggest moneymakers in the gambling industry today.
Rapid onsets of Pathological Gambling in Machine Gamblers.
Exploring the Limits of Responsible Gambling: Harm Minimization or Consumer Protection?
Breen, Robert; Mark Zimmerman.
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine.
examines casino gambling in Australia and Canada and what the United States can learn. The article also states that gambling is designed, marketed and packaged to carry customers beyond the point of reason and control. Direct examples come from Australia where gambling matured much faster than the United States.
Exploring the Limits of "Responsible Gambling": Harm Minimization or Consumer Protection?
Cutting the Cards and Craps: Right Thinking about Gambling Economics
School of University of Western Sydney. 2002.
is a landmark study that was published in December 2001, corrects common misconceptions about the meaning of economic development and applying logic to the valid cost-benefit evaluation of casino gambling. The study states that the costs will always outweigh the benefits.
Cutting the Cards and Craps: Right Thinking about Gambling Economics.
Gambling in America, Costs and Benefits. Cambridge University Press. 2004